¿Una lucha por corazones y mentes? Percepciones ciudadanas y actores de gobernanza formales e irregulares en la Jamaica urbana / A battle for hearts and minds? Citizens’ perceptions of formal and irregular governance actors in urban Jamaica

Imke Harbers, Rivke Jaffe, Victor J.N. Cummings

Resumen


En las ciudades de todo el mundo, las organizaciones criminales han tomado muchas de las funciones asociadas tradicionalmente con el Estado; ofrecen bienes públicos como bienestar social, seguridad y resolución de disputas para los pobres urbanos. Aunque la bibliografía reciente ha empezado a estudiar las relaciones competitivas y de colusión que tienen estos “actores de gobernanza irregulares” con el Estado, se sabe mucho menos sobre cómo ven los ciudadanos a los diferentes actores de gobernanza.Con base en una encuesta original a residentes de barrios marginados de la ciudad de Kingston, Jamaica, analizamos la opinión pública ante los dos tipos de actores. Los resultados indican que los residentes de los barrios marginados no necesariamente ven a las organizaciones criminales y al Estado como estructuras de gobernanza en competencia, y que la opinión pública es mucho más compleja de lo que la literatura ha reconocido hasta ahora.

Palabras clave


crimen organizado; legitimidad; gobernanza; opinión pública; Jamaica

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